BARUCH BEN SAMUEL OF MAINZ (c. 1150–1221), scholar and paytan. Baruch was a pupil of Moses b. Solomon ha-Kohen, whom he succeeded as a member of the bet din of Mainz. There is no basis for Aptowitzer's statement that a dispute for the position between him and his kinsman, eliezer b. samuel of metz , took place. Baruch also studied under judah b. kalonymus b. meir of Speyer, and possibly ephraim b. isaac of Regensburg. He was in halakhic correspondence with many contemporary scholars, including Judah he-Ḥasid . Baruch is best known for his Sefer ha-Ḥokhmah, a comprehensive work (now lost) covering the subject matter of Nashim and Nezikin, as well as the laws of Issur ve-Hetter; it also included his responsa. The work was still extant in the 16th century when solomon luria and bezalel ashkenazi used it. It is extensively quoted by the rishonim, particularly by mordecai b. hillel and by meir b. baruch of rothenburg , sometimes being referred to as "The Book of Baruch of Mainz." Baruch is not mentioned at all by name in tosafot, although some ascribe to him the authorship of the printed tosafot to Sotah. Of Baruch's piyyutim, 33 of which have been preserved (published by Habermann – see bibl.), some deal with the persecutions in blois (1171), speyer and boppard (1196), and Wuerzburg (before 1221), and are a valuable historical source. One piyyut is devoted to the talmudic discussion "ilan de-Ulla" ("the tree of Ulla," BB 26b–27a), a rare phenomenon in piyyut. These piyyutim, some of which are rhymed, excel in their variety and their style – biblical language being interspersed with the language of rabbinical and early mystical literature. Baruch revised a number of his piyyutim in order to bring them up to date, as in the seliḥot, Be-Terem Noledu Harim and Be-Terem Harve-Givah. Highly popular among congregants, his seliḥot were affectionately termed "berukhah," "mevorekhet," and "mevorakh" ("blessed," a play on words from his name). His son, R. SAMUEL OF BAMBERG, the teacher of R. Meir b. Baruch of Rothenburg , was also noted as an halakhic scholar and as a paytan. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Urbach, Tosafot, 134–6, 352–4; Habermann, in: YMḤSI, 6 (1945), 47ff.; Epstein, in: Tarbiz, 12 (1940/41), 190–6; idem, in: MGWJ, 83 (1939, 19632), 346–55; Davidson, Oẓar 4 (1933), 373; Germ Jud, 1 (1934), 201; V. Aptowitzer (ed.), Mavo le-Sefer Rayyah (1938), 313–4, 329–30. (Israel Moses Ta-Shma)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Baruch ben Samuel of Mainz — (c. 1150 1221)    German talmudist and liturgical poet. He was dayyan of Mainz. His responsa were incorporated in his Sepher ha Hokhmah (The Book of Wisdom). He wrote commentaries on several talmudic tractates, and piyyutim on persecutions of the …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • BARUCH BEN SAMUEL OF ALEPPO — (also called Baruch of Greece, or the Sephardi; 1070/80–1130/40), talmudic commentator. It is surmised that he was either from southern Italy or Spain. He immigrated to Ereẓ Israel and then to Aleppo, from where he sent questions to Samuel b. Ali …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BARUCH BEN ISAAC OF REGENSBURG — (second half of 12th century), talmudic scholar. He was a member of the bet din of Regensburg, together with isaac b. jacob ha lavan of prague , Abraham ben Moses of Regensburg, and Judah he Ḥasid b. Samuel (Sefer Ḥasidim, ed. by J. Wistinetzki… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Elieser ben Samuel — (* um 1115 in Metz; † um 1198 in Mainz) war ein Rabbiner. Leben Elieser, was so viel wie „Mein Gott (ist) Hilfe“ bedeutet, wurde um 1115 in Metz geboren. Er war ein Schüler des Jakob ben Meir, von dem er zum anerkannten Tosafisten ausgebildet… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Juda ben Samuel — Jehuda ben Samuel he Chasid, genannt Jehuda der Fromme (ca. * 1140 50[1][2] vermutlich in Speyer; † 22. Februar 1217[3] in Regensburg), war ein deutsch jüdischer Schriftgelehrter, Philosoph und Ethiker. Er war einer der bedeutendsten Vertreter… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Judah ben Samuel — died 1217 Jewish mystic and scholar. He was a member of the Kalonymos family, which provided medieval Germany with many Jewish mystics and spiritual leaders. Around 1195 he settled in Regensburg, where he founded a yeshiva and gathered disciples… …   Universalium

  • ELIEZER BEN SAMUEL OF VERONA — (early 13th century), Italian tosafist. Eliezer was a pupil of Isaac b. Samuel of Dampierre (Roke aḥ 377) and the teacher of avigdor b. elijah Kohen Ẓedek of Vienna. He was a colleague of eleazar b. judah of Worms and of Abraham b. Moses of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • JUDAH BEN KALONYMUS BEN MOSES OF MAINZ — (d. c. 1200), German scholar, halakhic authority, paytan, and kabbalist. He was the pupil of Shemariah b. Mordecai in Speyer, and of , who taught him mysticism. During the Third Crusade (1189–93) Judah braced his community to face the approaching …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SIMḤAH BEN SAMUEL OF SPEYER — (second half of the 12th and the beginning of the 13th century), German scholar. He may have been a descendant of Judah ha Kohen, author of the Sefer ha Dinim (see Aptowitzer). Simḥah was one of the rabbis and dayyanim of the Speyer bet din… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BAMBERG, SAMUEL BEN BARUCH — (first half of the 13th century), rabbi and paytan. Samuel was born in Metz, but lived in Bamberg, after which he was called. He studied under his father, baruch b. samuel of Mainz, and eliezer b. samuel of Metz. He corresponded on halakhic… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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